|AIADMK (All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam)|
|Prominent Leaders||Jayalalithaa Jayaram, Dr. Ponnusamy Venugopal, C. Rajendran, S. Semmalai, P. Kumar, C. Sivasami|
|Founder||M. G. Ramachandran|
|Founded||17 October 1972|
|Headquarters||226, Avvai Shanmugam Salai, Royapettah, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India–600014.|
|Email id||[email protected]|
|Ideology||Progressivism, Populism, Secular democracy, Gandhian secularism, Egalitarianism, Social justice, Federalism, Social conservatism, Nationalism|
|Political Position||Centre to Centre – left|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Alliance||National Democratic Alliance (1998 & 2004–06)
Third Front (2008–present)
|Seats in Lok Sabha||37 out of 545|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha||12 out of 245|
|Seats in the Legislative Assembly (Tamil Nadu)||151 out of 234|
|Phone no.||044 – 28130787, 044 – 28132266|
|Fax||044 – 2813510|
The party was founded in 1972 as Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK) by MGR, a veteran Tamil film star and a popular politician, as a breakaway faction of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) led by M. Karunanidhi, the then chief minister of Tamil Nadu, owing to serious differences between the two. Later, MGR prefixed the All India (AI) tag to the party’s name. Since its inception, the relationship between the AIADMK and DMK has been marked by mutual contempt.
MGR used his fan network for building the party cadre and estimates claim his party recruited more than a million members from the first two months of creation. The party tasted victory for the first time by winning the Dindigul parliamentary by-election in 1973 and also won the Coimbatore assembly by-election a year later. AIADMK grew close to the Congress by supporting the Emergency which occurred between 1975 and 1977.
The ADMK moved from the anti-Hindi and anti-Brahmin stand of the DMK party ideologies formulated by C. N. Annadurai. MGR indicated he never “favoured anti-Brahminism and ADMK would oppose ethnic exclusion”. Two Brahmin ladies Janaki and Jayalalithaa were later fighting for the lead position. The ADMK sought to depoliticise the education policy of the government by not insisting on the medium of education to be Tamil language. Policies of ADMK were targeted to the poorer segments of Tamil society – poor, rickshaw pullers, and destitute women and centralising the massive noon meal scheme for children. There was ambivalent approach towards the reservation policy and interests of farmers.
The Election Symbol of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam is “two leaves”. This symbol has a prominent history. When MGR died in 1987 and the major clash over taking-over the AIADMK began between Janaki Ramachandran and Jayalalithaa, the Election Commission of India refused to recognize both these factions of the AIADMK as a true successor of MGR. As a result, separate electoral symbols were assigned to both these groups. The Janaki Ramachandran faction was allotted the symbol of “two doves” and the Jayalalithaa faction was allotted the symbol of “crowing cock”.
- The AIADMK initiated a number of fiscal and general policies to help farmers, SC/ST/OBCs, pregnant women, teachers, handloom weavers and physically challenged individuals. For example, the AIADMK introduced the distribution of bio-pesticides, certified seeds, soil health cards, and gypsum etc. to farmers. It has introduced urban cooperative banks for self-help maternity loans during pregnancy of a woman as well as the delivery of the child. It has very significantly introduced the Nutrition-integrated Child Development Service Scheme.
- There is a fund called the National Teachers Welfare Fund, for teachers introduced by AIADMK.
- During the December 2004 Tsunami, the Tamil Nadu government, headed by Jayalalitha, introduced various schemes and financial policies to attract huge profit, which was directed to help the tsunami victims.
- MGR involved himself in a number of philanthropic activities and initiations. He was the first donor to donate a large sum of 75,000 rupees to Indian Army, during the important Indo-China War in 1962. He also helped the distressed and needy in critical times like floods, fires, riots etc.
- MGR built a number of educational institutes under his personal supervision. This he did to spread the beautiful message of education, literacy and awareness to the under-privileged sections of the society primarily.