Biju Janata Dal (BJD)
Abbreviation BJD
Leader Naveen Patnaik
Founder Naveen Patnaik
Founded 26 December 1997
Headquarters 6R/3,Unit-6, Forest Park, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Student wing Biju Chhatra Janata Dal
Youth wing Yuva Biju Janata Dal
Women’s wing Biju Mahila Janata Dal
Labour wing Biju Krushak Janata Dal
Ideology Populism
Social liberalism
Social democracy
Political position Centre
ECI Status State Party
National convener Naveen Patnaik
Seats in Lok Sabha 20 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha 8 / 245
Election symbol Biju Janata Dal
Helpline (674) 2395979, 2393464
Email id [email protected]
Official Website
Alliance NDA (1998−2009)
None (2009−present)

Biju Janata Dal (BJD)

Naveen Patnaik took over his father Biju Pattnaik’s Lok Sabha seat in 1996 as a member of the Janata Dal. In 1997, Patnaik split from Janata Dal over its failure to ally with the BJP, and formed the BJD in December 1997. The BJD has participated in several ruling coalitions with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) both at the Centre and in Odisha. The BJD, however, was one of the main professedly secular parties of the National Democratic Alliance. Much of the popularity and electoral success of the party is credited to Patnaik’s image as an incorruptible and ‘clean’ candidate.

The BJD is committed to a holistic development of women and children in the state, through education and empowerment. A 50% reservation has been made for women in the Odisha Municipalities. It has implemented a number of schemes for women and children, such as the ‘Mamata Yojna’, ‘Mission Shakti’, ‘Tupti’, ‘Nua Arunima’ and the very crucial ‘Self Help Group Energy Franchisee Arrangement (SEFA) Program’. Essentially an agricultural state, the farmers of Odisha are the backbone of the state. The BJD government initiated a separate agricultural budget for the farmers, increasing the budget allocation for agriculture from rupees 2,000 crores to rupees 7,000 crores. Through a number of schemes such as the ‘Biju Krushak Vikas Yojna’ and the ‘Biju Krushak Kalyan Yojna’, Naveen Patnaik has ensured agricultural loans at a nominal 2% rate of interest. Odisha is the first state in India to organize animal health camps, operating in more than 12 districts and treating more than 24 lakh animals so far. The BJD government has implemented a number of schemes in youth policies, to ensure youth-led development in the state. As part of the ‘Biju Yuba Sashaktikaran Yojna’, the youth of the state were given free laptops and other financial assistances such as internship programs within the government offices.