|JDU (Janata Dal United)|
|Founded||30 October 2003|
|Headquarters||7, Jantar Mantar Road, New Delhi, India-110001|
|Lok Sabha Leader||Kaushalendra Kumar|
|Rajya Sabha Leader||Sharad Yadav|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|National Convener||Nitish Kumar|
|Seats in Lok Sabha||2 / 545|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha||10 / 245|
|Helpline||011- 23368833, 011-23368804, 011- 23368836, 011-23367886|
|Email id||[email protected], [email protected]|
The Janata Dal (United)’s origins go back to before the 1999 General Election. A faction led by then Chief Minister of Karnataka J. H. Patel had lent support to the National Democratic Alliance, leading to the split in the Janata Dal leading to the formation of Janata Dal (Secular) under H. D. Deve Gowda, who wanted to remain equidistant from both national parties; and Janata Dal under Sharad Yadav.
The Janata Dal United was formed with the merger of the Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lokshakti Party and the Samata Party. On 30 October 2003, the Samata Party led by George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar merged with the Janata Dal. The merged entity was called Janata Dal United with the arrow symbol of Janata Dal United and the green and white flag of the Samata Party. The uniting force is believed to be common opposition to Rashtriya Janata Dal in Bihar especially after the RJD welcomed Samata Party rebels like Raghunath Jha into the party. JDU along with its alliance partner, the BJP defeated the RJD-led UPA government in Bihar in November 2005. The government is headed by JDU leader, Nitish Kumar and they continued to govern state. The alliance contested Indian general election, 2009 and won 32 seats. BJP won 12 while JD(U) won 20. JDU won 115 and BJP won 91 seats in Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2010. Thus together holding 206 seats in 243 member Bihar Legislative Assembly.
JDU has worked towards decreasing the rates of crime and lawlessness in the states of Bihar and Jharkhand. Nitish Kumar government ensured that the culprits in the Bhagalpur riots were put behind the bars, even though after a long span of time. In the health sector, the JDU ensured that many doctors were sent to primary health clinics spread across the states of Bihar and Jharkhand, such that the poor people got cheap health care facilities and diagnosed correctly. Education facilities were made accessible to the poorest people of Bihar, by ensuring the recruitment of good teachers and professors in the various schools and colleges across the two states.
JDU Candidate List
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